Kalmar to Växjö


View Kalmar to Växjö in a larger map

Updated: now there might actually be a route showing on the map. Thanks, Marianne.

Here's our updated map. As you can see Börje Jacobsson has marked some possible stops for the night, taken from Jörgen Johansson's preliminary plan of the hike. Börje has also marked the sections of the trail in different colors.

There's two different options when we leave Nybro:

One that follows Dackeleden (the Dacke Trail) from Nybro to Stora Gangsmad and Flerohopp, then turns west and follows Glasbruksleden (the Glassworks Trail) to Orrefors. There we join the old railway and walk the embankment to Målerås.

The other passage turns more sharply west after Nybro and passes Östra Bondetorp (East Bondetorp), Östra Resebo (East Resebo) and Mellan-Resebo before joining the railway embankment to Målerås.

Both trails are about the same distance, the one south is more sparsely populated, while the one north follows established trails and passes more villages.

Börje will take a closer look at them when the weather gets better, but - as we have mentioned before - this is an unplugged event and you are free to choose your own way.

Gear - Shelter for C2C

(The following is a slightly re-written version of the shelter chapter from my book Smarter Backpacking, in Swedish Lättare packning från A till Ö)
Roof over your head is one of the three big and bulky lumps of the pack. This is a complex area with many pros and cons, but well worth considering because of the weight involved. In this entry I try to make a long story short without being embarrassingly sparse with words.

Home-made tarptent in Sarek, Swedish Lapland
The shelter is important for safety as well as for feeling safe; for psychological reasons. Choosing a lighter shelter is therefore a challenge for both experienced and inexperienced backpackers. But the gain can be counted in kilos (several lbs) so it is well worth it to ponder whether one’s attitude towards lighter shelters is based on rationality or sentiments. The traditional mountain tent is a double-wall tent, with an inner-tent made of wind-proof but not waterproof fabric. Covering this, more or less completely, is an outer tent or a rain fly, made of waterproof fabric. A common feature is also a foretent – a floorless area between inner and outer tents.
Many of these mountaineering tents are very rugged and can literally handle a winter storm on the polar ice cap. This is impressive, considering that they do not weigh many kilos. The disadvantage, however, is that this over-capacity makes them unnecessarily heavy and sturdy for three-season use well away from the polar ice cap.
Homemade tarptent near Kebnekaise, Swedish Lapland
Among lighter alternatives we find the tarp tents. These are often very light. They are single-wall tents with floor and bug-netting and usually made of lighter fabrics as they are not made for storms on the ice cap. Tarp tents weigh less than a kilo per person and the lightest, at the time of writing (2010), weigh less than half a kilo (1 lb) for a one-person tent.

In my experience, the lightest tarp tents do well at fairly well-protected tent sites, if you take them above timberline. Below timberline you can use them without any special consideration. They are not as windproof as the traditional mountaineering tents, but this should not be of any great concern for an experienced person.

Gossamer Gear The One tarptent in Nahanni, NWT, Canada

I have spent more than 125 nights in tarp tents and only on one occasion did I wish for a more stable tent. Or earplugs. The tent did not break, but was compressed by the wind, and the whip-cracking of the fabric in the wind made sleep impossible. I finally had to break camp and walk about 5 kilometers (3 miles) to a small hut where I had breakfast and slept for about an hour.

Tarp tents are a good solution for the person who still wants the comfort and protection of a tent, but with less weight penalty than with traditional tents. You have a bug proof space and usually better views because you are not totally surrounded by fabric. This is nice, and it makes for better ventilation and less condensation, but there can also be a downside to better ventilation which is spelled draft.

Terra Nova Laser Photon in Håikanvagge, Swedish Lapland
Tarp tents as well as pure tarps might create the need for a slightly warmer sleeping bag, or more clothes worn in the sleeping bag, on occasion. However, this can be difficult to calculate because less ventilation means more condensation, which will lower the insulating properties of your sleep system. In my view, less condensation is more valuable and extra down usually insulates better than the same weight of tent fabric.

Let us move on to the tarp, which in its simplest form is a rectangular piece of fabric. Most of the time they are more sophisticated, in order to give better protection against wind and precipitation. Tarps do not have floors, nor do they usually give protection from all directions. They also lack bug protection. One advantage is that you live and sleep closer to the natural world surrounding the tarp.

Home-made tarp near Kebnekaise, Swedish Lapland
They have superb ventilation in most instances, which also means that they can be drafty. For forest hikes when there are no bugs around, there is nothing I rather use, because of comfort, low weight and pure enjoyment. I do not consider the draftiness of tarps and tarp tents as a major disadvantage.

I do suffer more from the condensation in double-wall, traditional tents. In spite of advanced ventilation, condensation can still be a huge problem. Occasionally, everything becomes damp, including the sensitive sleeping bag that is pressed up against the inner tent, which presses against the fly and soaks up the moisture there. Both tarps and tarp tents can sometimes suffer from condensation, but I find that less of a problem because I can usually increase their ventilating properties.

Homemade tarptent, Lainio, Swedish Lapland
Many tarps and tarp tents are not constructed for above-timberline use, except occasionally. In my Scandinavian mountains, however, you are often in Arctic conditions. You are a long way from the forest and you walk day after day in exposed areas. Extreme winds and rain above timberline put great demands on your shelter. Such extreme weather conditions do not often occur, but your shelter should have margins to handle pretty nasty weather.

My experiences of both home-made tarps and tarp tents in above-timberline conditions are good, and I prefer them to traditional double-wall tents because they are more comfortable, nicer to live in and nine times out of ten they are less condensation-prone. As the interest in lighter packs has increased, more and more tent types have become available, which are reasonably light weight and yet provide the sense of safety that many people require.

Six Moon Designs Lunar Duo near Kebnekaise, Swedish Lapland
For the less experienced hiker, a tent that is traditional, but reasonably light weight, is definitely a good choice. Especially when two or three people share a shelter, the weight of the shelter may represent only 1-1.5 kilo (2-3 lbs) per person. That means, the hikers still manage the “three kilos for the three big ones” or 343, if they choose a light pack and a light sleeping bag. The experienced hiker may feel more comfortable, both practically and psychologically, when using a shelter that feels thinner and where the hiker is not enclosed on all sides by fabric.

My own choice for C2C will be a homemade very lightweight tarp weighing only 200 grams including lines. It is a simple rectangle, fairly big, around 3,5*2,7 meters. The extra area weighs very little but gives much more comfort and flexibility than a minimal tarp where rolling a bit sideways during the night will leave parts of your sleeping bag exposed to rain or wind-driven rain. It is also big enough to cook in your shelter.

Homemade tarptent on Råsto, Swedish Lapland
We will sleep in, or can choose, well-protected forest camp sites all along the C2C trail. The tarp can be tied to trees and boughs and small, dead twigs can be used as pegs as well. I will probably bring a handful of small tent-pegs anyway, simply for the convenience and use my walking poles as tent poles when it suits me. No bugs will bother us this early, with a 99% certainty. Repellent can always be bought should the 1% occur.

You can make a similar tarp very easily using lightweight silnylon or Cuben fiber that can be ordered from www.thru-hiker.com or www.extremtextil.de. Sometimes you can find very light and still durable tarps at gas stations or similar places. 2*3 meters and weighing less than 1 kilo is what I recommend for one person. This is probably the best bet if you want to try tarp camping. And if you have never slept under a tarp, give it a try sometime before going on C2C.

Homemade Cuben tarptent, Norwegian Lapland

A good selection of light tents can be found at www.trekking-lite-store.com. If you feel like investing I can particularly recommend Tarptents.

I should advice against using a traditional double fabric mountain tent unless you have something pretty light, less than 1 kilo per person. However, a smart and efficient solution might be to only use the rain fly/outer tent of such a tent. This means that you will be sort of tarp/tarptent camping.

Routes and mileage - Jorgen's preliminary plan

If you click on the link here you will find a document where I, as best as I can right now, have calculated how many days the proposed route will take me as well as some other thoughts and facts. It turned out that the entire route would be around 400 kilometers, which is longer than the 330-350 we calculated from the beginning, before we started defining and measuring the route in detail.

The document is the kind of planning I always do for myself. It will probably not fit everyone, but I hope it will give some guidance both for those planning to walk faster and slower than me.

Kalmar to Varberg day by day

Revised map from Kalmar to Nybro and onwards


Visa Walktrail C2C Sweden på en större karta

A big thanks to Börje Jacobsson, who is working on the map!

How to transfer Google's KML-files to standard GPX files

Thanks to Martin Nordesjö who has put together this step-by-step guide on how to transfer map files from Google to GPS-devices:

Google Maps use their own KML files to save routes and points. Viewranger uses standard GPX files. Luckily it's very easy to save Google's KML files and convert them to GPX files that you can use in Viewranger on top of whatever map you use.

I have only tried this on an Iphone, but it should be almost the same if you use Android.

1. Download and convert the Google Maps KML file:

- Open the Google map in your computer's web browser
- Press the "KML" link and save the file on your computer.
-  Convert the KML to a GPX file and save it, using for example the simple
and free converter at http://kml2gpx.com/

Naturally, it's easier if someone publishes the GPX files on the C2C site when the maps are done, so that fewer have to bother with the conversion.

2. Export the GPX to the Viewranger app.

This can be done in a number of ways, so just pick the one that makes sense for you. Personally I prefer the Dropbox method, but the Itunes method is probably best suited for most people.

ITUNES:
(Note: this might be different in the latest Itunes versions, I haven't
updated yet)
- Connect your Phone to your computer
- In Itunes, click on your phone and then select "Apps" on the menu.
- Scroll down to the File Sharing area.
- Klick Viewranger, and then simply drag and drop your GPX file to the
documents area to the right (or use the "Add..." button if you are not the
dragging and dropping type).
- Open Viewranger on your phone and select Import/Export > Documents
- Select your GPX file and select which parts to import.

WIFI
- First make sure the phone and computer are on the same wifi network.
- In the Viewranger app, select Import/Export and activate "Wifi file
access". You will get a local web address looking something like this:
"http://192.168.0.39:8080"
- On your computer, enter that local web address in a web browser. This will give you a simple web page.
- Under "Upload map or gpx file", klick on "Select file", find your GPX file
and press "Upload".
- Go back to your phone and confirm the transfer.

DROPBOX
-  In the Viewranger app, select Import/Export and click "Log in" on the
Dropbox button.
- Log in and allow Viewranger to get access to your Dropbox.
- This creates a folder in your Dropbox, called Apps/ViewRanger
- On your computer, copy the GPX file to the Dropbox/Apps/ViewRanger folder.
- In the ViewRanger app, again go to Import/Export > Dropbox, and select the GPX file that should be visible there now.
- Select "Download and import" and confirm the download.

3. Open the map
- Go to "Map" in Viewranger, and the routes, tracks and points from Google map should be visible. That's it!

PS. This can also be reversed, if you want to track your trip with the Viewranger app and make a Google map of it. But that's another story. 

PS 2 When we tried to convert the route from Kalmar to Kosta the iTunes option worked best.


Where we are


During Coast to Coast Sweden the participants will be spread out along the trail. Some will walk by themselves or maybe in pairs, others will do the their hike in small groups.

We've already had questions from people that want to know how they can communicate with the other participants, regarding for example when and where to camp for the night. Others want to walk a part of the trail and want to know when other hikers will pass a certain point or municipality.

If you meet before the the hike or communicate with each other via for example Facebook, you can exchange phone numbers and e-mail addresses and keep track on each other that way. 

Also, we will have a channel on our Twitter account were we will update before, during and after the hike. Just remember to use the hashtag #c2cswe and you will get all the relevant updates in the same feed.

The waypoints for our route. 
But we are also exploring the possibility to use a location-aware mobile app, so we can keep track at each others movements in real time.

At the moment we're evaluating Google Latitude, a free app that allows a mobile phone user to view their current location. Via their own Google account the user's cell phone location is mapped in Google Maps.

To be able to use this service you have to download the app and create a Google account. We would then send an invitation through mail to everyone who has registered on our home page.

Once you accept our invitation your position would be known to everybody who has accepted our invitation. They would see your movement through Google Maps and would be able to contact you through the app.

Latitude is a mobile app, but it's also possible to upload the information to a homepage. Then it would be seen by anyone who visits that page. We haven't decided yet if we would put that information on our home page.

After Coast to Coast Sweden, we would erase all the participants from our network, to protect your privacy.

Please feel free to join a discussion about the possibility of using location-aware software during C2C.

Read more about Latitude here.